Yes, if they are lawfully in the United States and meet all eligibility requirements. Lawfully present noncitizens include, but are not limited to:
- Noncitizens lawfully admitted for permanent residence under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA);
- Certain noncitizens admitted under other INA classifications that allow them to live and work in the United States;
- Noncitizens admitted under Family Unity or Immediate Relative provisions; and
- Other noncitizens who are fully insured for retirement, survivors or disability benefits, and who continue to meet U.S. lawful presence requirements.
Noncitizens authorized to work in the United States who got a Social Security number after December 2003 can qualify for Social Security benefits.
See Immigration for more information.